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Terminology

Terminology – Ashihara Karate International – Kaicho Hoosain Narker Sabaki Fighting Karate

NUMBERS COMMANDS ichi – one
ni – two
san – three
shi – four
go – five
roku – six
shichi – seven
hachi – eight
ku – nine
ju – ten   yoi  – ready
kamaette – take stance
naotte – return to ready stance
yame – stop, finish
yasume – relax, rest
mawatte –  turn
mokuso – meditation
mokuso yame- end of meditation
hajime – begin
kiai irite – to shout TECHNIQUES POSITIONS tsuki  – punch 
uchi –  strike   
oi tsuki – lunge punch     
gyaku tsuki –  reverse punch    
uchikomi – driving punch 
uke  – block   
barai  – parry   
keage  – high lift   
keri –  kick 
dachi  – stance    
oi geri  – step and kick   
tobi –  jumping or flying   soto –  outside
uchi –  inside 
mawashi –  roundhouse 
ushiro – back  
sayu –  both sides   
yoko –  side     
gyaku –  reverse    
migi –  right  
hidari – left  
hanmi –  half-body      
yonju go do –  45 degree      WEAPONS Hands:
seiken –  forefist 
uraken –  backhand     
shuto  – knife hand        
nukite –  spear hand 
koken  – wrist   
shotei –  palm heel            
tettsui  – hammer fist 
kote –  forearm  
hiji –  elbow                 Feet:
chusoku –  ball of foot 
haisoku –  instep       
sokuto –  knife edge   
hiza –  knee   
kakato –  heel 
teisoku –  arch
sune – shin              STANCES KATA   keri no kamae –  kick stance
yoi/fudo dachi – ready stance
sanchin dachi -pigeontoe stance     
zenkutsu dachi – front leaning   
kokutsu dachi –  back leaning 
kiba dachi –  horse stance   
musubi dachi – heel together 
heisoku dachi –  feet together  
shiko dachi  – sumo stance 
kumite no kamae –  fighting stance Shoshinsha – beginner’s form
Kihon –  basic form 
Kumite – fighting form 
Nage – throwing form 
Jissen – real fight form PUNCHES seiken chudan tsuki  – forefist middle punch
seiken jodan tsuki – forefist upper punch
seiken ago uchi  – forefist chin strike
seiken shita tsuki – forefist upper punch
uraken ganmen uchi – backhand face strike
uraken sayu uchi – backhand side strike
uraken hizo uchi – backhand liver strike
uraken mawashi uchi – backhand round strike
shuto ganmen uchi  – knife hand strike to face
shuto hizo uchi  – knife hand strike to liver
shuto sakotsu uchi – knife hand strike to collarbone
shuto sakotsu uchikomi – driving knife hand strike to collarbone
age tsuki  – upper punch
kagi tsuki   – hook punch
hiji uchi  – elbow strike
hiji age uchi  – rising elbow strike
hiji otoshi uchi – descending elbow strike
jun tsuki  – punch to side
tettsui uchi   – hammer fist strike BLOCKS jodan uke – upper block 
chudan soto uke – outside block
chudan uchi uke – inside block
gedan barai  – lower parry
mawashi uke  – roundhouse block
kake uke – hook (neck) block
juji uke – cross block  shuto uke – knife hand block
shotei uke – palm-heel block
enkei  – circle block
hikkake – leg-hook block
hiji-hiza uke – elbow-knee block
nagashi-uke – absorbing block
oshi-age uke – pushing rising block KICKS mae keage  – straight front high lift
mae geri     – front kick
mawashi geri – roundhouse kick
sankaku geri – triangle kick
hiza geri      – knee kick
kin geri       –  groin kick
yoko keage –  side high lift
yoko geri    –  side kick kansetsu geri  – joint kick
ushiro geri      – back kick
kakato geri    –  heel kick
kake geri        – hook kick
ushiro mawashi kake geri – spinning back hook kick
uchimomo geri –  inside low kick
jikuashi geri  – sweep kick to supporting leg MISCELLANEOUS mae mawari     – turning forwards
ushiro mawari  –  turning backwards
makikomi nage    – forward throw
uranage          –  backwards throw
todome           – “finishing touch”
kime             – focus, finish off
kerikomi         – step-in & kick
iremi            – body moving in
kyushu – skip away to absorb impact
mikiri           –  judging distance nihon tsuki      –  double punch
sanbon tsuki     – triple punch
seika tanden – body between groin & navel
hiki taoshi      – pull down
dojo             – dojo
dogi           – training uniform
obi              – belt
dogi naoshite    –  tidy your uniform
misete kudasai   – please show me   Procedure before class: narande    – line up
otagai ni rei    – bow to one another
seiza    –  kneel down
mokuso   –  meditation
mokuso yame  –  end of meditation
Senpai ni  (from students)    to instructor
Onegai shimasu   – please teach me/us
tadaima yori keiko hajime mas –  from now start our training
tachi mas    – jump up Procedure after class: korede hongitsu no keiko owari mas- now, finish our training
narande    – line up
seiza    – kneel down
dojo kun   – training hall oath
mokuso   – meditation
mokuso yame  – end of meditation
Senpai ni  (from students)               to instructor
Arigato gozaimasu  – thank you
Karate-ka ni (from Senpai)               to students
Domo arigato gozaimasu – thank you very much
tate kudasai   – stand up