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Elements of Kata

Elements of Kata – Ashihara Karate International – Kaicho Hoosain Narker Sabaki Fighting Karate


The following elements should be clearly discerned and understood in the practice of Kata.

1. YOI NO KISIN – the spirit of getting ready. The concentration of will and mind against the opponent as a preliminary to the movements of the Kata.

2. INYO – the active and passive. Always keep in mind both attack and defence.

3. CHIKARA NO KYOJAKU – the manner of using strength. The degree of power used for each movement and position in Kata.

4. WAZA NO KANKYU – the speed of movement. The speed used for each movement and position in Kata.

5. TAI NO SHINSUKU – the degree of expansion or contraction. The degree of expansion or contraction of the body in each movement and position in Kata.

6. KOKYU – breathing. Breath control related to the posture and movement in Kata.

7. TYAKUGAN – the aiming points. In Kata you must keep the purpose of the movement in mind.

8. KIAI – shouting. Shouting at set points in Kata to demonstrate the martial spirit.

9. KEITAI NO HOJI – correct positioning. Correct positioning in movement and stance.

10. ZANSHIN – remaining on guard. Remaining on guard at the completion of the Kata. (ie. back to “Yoi”) until told to relax.

As outlined by Kancho Hirokazu Kanazawa, 10 Dan – SKIF